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Revolution in Education Sector: New Education Policy 2020

National Educational Policy 2020: Here is the key points

Union cabinet approved a New Education Policy(NEP) on Wednesday, and renamed the HRD ministry to education ministry. A single regulator for higher education institutions, multiple entry and exit options in degree courses and will introduce four year undergraduate degrees, abolish the M.Phil degree, low stakes board exams, common entrance exams for universities are among the highlights of the new National Education Policy.

One of the key announcements of the new National Education Policy, NEP 2020 has been the break-down of the existing 10+2 structure and introduction of the 5+3+3+4 structure of School Education. The policy aims at transforming circular and pedagogical structure from the existing 10 years + 2 years to a more inclusive foundational to secondary stage transition

Briefing media in New Delhi Wednesday Evening , Inforamation and Broadcasting Minister Prakash Javadekar said, the Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given approval to a new education Policy for the 21st century. He said, it is important, as for 34 years there were no changes in the education policy.

Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank said, New Education Policy 2020 will prove to be a milestone in the making of New India. He said, the Cabinet also approved changing the name of the Human Resources Development Ministry to Education Ministry.

While the actual system would not change, in terms of the years a child spends within the formal education system in the country at school level, the new structure brings into fold the already existing play schools within the ambit of ‘formal education’. The new structure and comparison of the two explained below.

Elementary Stage (5): For ages 3 to 8 years, the foundational stage has been suggested. The multi-level play activity based learning would include 3 years at anganwadi’s, pre-school or as commonly called play schools and the kindergarten classes catering to ages 3 to 6. To this, the grades 1 and 2 or classes 1 and 2 for students of ages 6 to 8 would also be added, keeping the focus on development of language skills and teaching by play based and activity based curriculum.

Preliminary Stage (3): This is for ages 8 to 11 or classes 3 to 5. The focus would shift to play, discovery and activity based and interaction classroom learning. The focus till this stage would remain on development of language and numeracy skills, in accordance with the cognitive development of a child. Medium of instruction till Grade 5 would be home language or mother tongue or local language. Three languages would be taught to all students – and states would decide which ones.

Middle Stage (3): Referring to the classes 6 to 8, the new structure aims at transforming the pedagogy from the existing system to a more experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences and humanities. Focus would be on critical learning objectives and not on rote learning.

Secondary Stage (4): This includes classes 9 to 12 or the secondary and the higher secondary as we know them today. The changes suggested at this stage include a multidisciplinary study where students would be able to pick and choose any set of subjects from the available structure. The focus would be on greater critical thinking and flexibility, allowing the child to pick subjects as per their interests – even technical and arts.

In May 2016, ' a Committee for evolution of the New Education Policy' under the chairmanship of TSR Subramanian, Former Cabinet Secretary, submitted its report. Based on this, the Ministry prepared a document called 'Some Inputs for the Draft National Education Policy, 2016'.

Then a panel led by former Indian Space Research Orgnisation(ISRO) chief K Kasturirangan had submitted the draft of the new NEP to Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank when he took charge last year.

Report by

Sindhu Mangalawedha

Executive Journalist


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